Tuesday, May 28, 2013

Gatsby Chapter 9

Textual Observation on a Theme
The hollowness of the upper class is again brought up in this chapter. Nick asks many people to attend Gatsby's funeral, all of which decline due to selfish reasons.
"Well, the fact is--the truth of the matter is that I'm staying with some people up here in Greenwich, and they rather expect me to be with them tomorrow...What I called up about was a pair of shoes I left there. I wonder if it'd be too much trouble to have the butler send them on."
This is from when Nick got a call from a friend of Gatsby's named Klipspringer. He refused to go to the funeral just because he was staying with friends then had the audacity to ask Nick for his tennis shoes from Gatsby's house.
"When a man gets killed I never like to get mixed up in it in any way. I keep out. When I was a young man it was different--if a friend of mine died, no matter how, I stuck with them to the end."
This is the Mayor. He tells Nick that he would like to come but then says this. He is being selfish and only worrying about what may happen if he gets "mixed up in it."

Textual Observation on Character Development
We learn more about Gatsby through the eyes of his father in this chapter. He tells Nick what he thought of his son and how proud of him he was.
"He had a big future before him, you know. He was only a young man, but he had a lot of brain power here...If he'd of lived, he'd of been a great man. A man like James J. Hill. He'd of helped build up the country."
Mr. Gatz obviously believed Gatsby had a lot of potential. He believed his success could take him where ever he wanted to go in life.

Textual Observation on a Symbol
When Nick is leaving the Mayor's office, he describes the weather as being gloomy and dark. This is symbolizing the death of Gatsby and how no one wants to attend his funeral.
"When I left his office the sky had turned dark and I got back to West Egg in a drizzle."

Gatsby Chapter 8

Textual Observation on a Theme
The theme of love and how far people will go to achieve it is shown in this chapter.
"I have an idea that Gatsby himself didn't believe it would come, and perhaps he no longer cared. If that was true he must have felt that he had lost the old warm world, paid a high price for living too long with a single dream."
This "single dream" he is referring to is loving Daisy. His entire life revolved around that one concept. It is the one thing he looked to gain in his life and he put all his time and energy into attaining her love.

Textual Observation on Character Development
In this chapter we get an even more in depth look at Gatsby's past with Daisy. We learn about how they fell in love and how she fell out of love.
"I can't describe to you how surprised I was to find out I loved her, old sport. I even hoped for a while that she'd throw me over, but she didn't, because she was in love with me too." "And all the time something within [Daisy] was crying for a decision. She wanted her life shaped now, immediately--and the decision must be made by some force--of love, of money, of unquestionable practicality--that was close at hand."

Textual Observation on a Symbol
The darkness and unfamiliarity in Gatsby's house after he returns from Daisy's house is meant to symbolize Gatsby's loss of Daisy. Even though he hasn't lost her yet, she still hasn't left Tom for him and the situation is not looking good for Gatsby.
"There was an inexplicable amount of dust everywhere, and the rooms were musty, as though they hadn't been aired for many days. I found the humidor on an unfamiliar table, with two stale dry cigarettes inside."

Monday, May 27, 2013

Gatsby Chapter 7

Textual Observation on a Theme
Love is, again, the main theme in this chapter. This time, it is the love between Tom and Myrtle. Tom is devastated when he sees that Myrtle is dead but this event represents the end of his side affair. I think he will begin to realize that he does love Daisy and fight for her.
"Myrtle Wilson’s body, wrapped in a blanket, and then in another blanket, as though she suffered from a chill in the hot night, lay on a work-table by the wall, and Tom, with his back to us, was bending over it, motionless."

Textual Observation on Character Development
Tom's character is developed in this chapter as he deals with the death of Myrtle. Wilson is not taking her death well and Tom attempts to console him. Even though Tom has been having an affair with Wilson's wife, he is showing that he still cares about Wilson's feelings and well-being. 
"He walked quickly over to Wilson and, standing in front of him, seized him firmly by the upper arms. 'You've got to pull yourself together," he said with soothing gruffness." "Picking up Wilson like a doll, Tom carried him into the office, set him down in a chair, and came back."

Textual Observation on a Symbol 
The death of Myrtle serves as a symbol for the end of Tom's love affair and as a beginning to his regained love for Daisy. 
"They weren't happy...and yet they weren't unhappy either."

Gatsby Chapter 6

Textual Observation on a Theme
The theme of love is once again lightened in this chapter. We learn that Daisy is conflicted about both Tom and Gatsby's interest in her.
"Daisy and Gatsby danced." The entire time, Tom was looking on suspiciously. Wondering about who Gatsby really was and how he and Daisy know each other.
We also learn that Gatsby intends to "repeat the past" and regain Daisy's love for him.
"Can't repeat the past? Why of course you can!"

Textual Observation on Character Development
In this chapter we learn more about how Gatsby changes his personality when with certain people.
"He was profoundly affected by the fact that Tom was there."
Here, Gatsby changes how he acts because he is in the presence of Daisy's husband.

Textual Observation on a Metaphor
"The he kissed her. As his lips' touched she blossomed for him like a flower and the incarnation was complete."
Fitzgerald metaphorically relates Daisy to a flower. It creates an image in the reader's mind as well as a connection between her and Gatsby.

Sunday, May 26, 2013

Gatsby Chapter 5

Textual Observation on a Theme
The theme of love is once again prevalent in this chapter. Nick invites Daisy over for tea and while there, Nick makes a comment that shows how much Gatsby's love for Daisy controls his life.
"But there was a change in Gatsby that was simply confounding. He literally glowed; without a word or a gesture of exultation a new well-being radiated from him and filled the little room."
This comment shows how being reunited with Daisy can change Gatsby's entire outlook on life. He is happier and more positive than he was before.

Textual Observation on Character Development
In this chapter, Gatsby's character is again developed. We learn about how in love with Daisy he is by how his demeanor changes in her presence.
Before she arrives:
"Finally he got up and informed me, in an uncertain voice, that he was going home...'Nobody's coming to tea. It's too late!'"
This shows how nervous he is to see her again and how negative he is about his life.
After she arrives:
"But there was a change in Gatsby that was simply confounding. He literally glowed; without a word or a gesture of exultation a new well-being radiated from him and filled the little room."
This shows how much influence Daisy can have on his life. Gatsby is like a kid when it comes to love. Just seeing Daisy can change his entire mood.

Textual Observation on a Symbol
The green light on Daisy's dock continues to be a symbol. When looking out the window, Gatsby notices that the mist is blocking his view of the light that used to connect him to Daisy. Now that they are together, the light is not needed. When Daisy goes back to Tom's house, I think the light will be visible to Gatsby again.
"'If it wasn't for the mist we could see your home across the bay,' said Gatsby. 'You always have a green light that burns all night at the end of your dock.'"
Now that Daisy and Gatsby have been reunited, Nick notices that the light no longer has the same significance in Gatsby's eyes.
"It had seemed as close as a star to the moon. Now it was again a green light on a dock. His count of enchanted objects had diminished by one."

Gatsby Chapter 4

Textual Observation on a Theme
The theme of love is renewed in this chapter as we learn about Gatsby's everlasting love for Daisy that was cut short when Daisy married Tom while Gatsby was away at war.
"...and trying to forget something sad that had happened to me long ago."
Here Gatsby is describing his past to Nick. He is alluding to the fact that he was in love with Daisy but was heartbroken when he returned from war to find her married.
"The officer looked at Daisy while she was speaking, in a way that every young girl wants to be looked at some time, and because it seemed romantic to me I have remembered the incident ever since. His name was Jay Gatsby, and I didn't lay eyes on him again for over four years--even after I'd met him on Long Island I didn't realize it was the same man."
Jordan is giving Nick and the reader background information regarding the love story of Daisy and Gatsby when they were young.

Textual Observation on Character Development
In this chapter, we continue to learn more about Gatsby. We learn that he was once (and still is) in love with Daisy. Along with this, we learn about Gatsby's personality. He is different in public than he is in private. He does this to maintain his public image while only showing his true personality to a select few.
"He wouldn't say another word. His correctness grew on him as we neared the city."

Textual Observation on a Symbol
In this chapter, the green light Gatsby was looking at in the first chapter is brought up again. At first we don't know what it is, but now we learn that that light is on Daisy's dock. This light connects Daisy and Gatsby once again and symbolizes their love for each other.
"'Gatsby bought that house so that Daisy would be just across the bay.' Then it had not been merely the stars to which he had aspired on that June night. He came alive to me, delivered suddenly from the womb of his purposeless splendor."

Gatsby Chapter 3

Textual Observation on a Theme
The theme of the American Dream is evident in this chapter. Gatsby has become successful both in wealth and in popularity.
"There was music from my neighbor's house through the summer nights. In his blue gardens men and girls came and went like moths among the whisperings and the champagne and the stars. At high tide in the afternoon I watched his guests diving from the tower of his raft, or taking the sun on the hot sand of his beach while his two  motor-boats slit the waters of the Sound, drawing aquaplanes over cataracts of foam."

Textual Observation on Character Development
In this chapter, we learn more about the wealth and popularity of Jay Gatsby through his numerous parties. He goes to great lengths to throw extravagant parties every weekend. He is extremely rich and is known by everyone.
"Every Friday, five crates of oranges and lemons arrived from a fruiterer in New York--every Monday these same oranges and lemons left his back door in a pyramid of pulp-less halves." "At least once a fortnight a corps of caterers came down with several hundred feet of canvas and enough colored lights to make a Christmas tree of Gatsby's enormous garden." "By seven o'clock the orchestra has arrived, no thin five-piece affair, but a whole pitful of oboes and trombones and saxophones and viols and cornets and piccolos, and low and high drums."

Textual Observation about Color
In this chapter, the color yellow is highlighted frequently. From context, we can infer that it symbolizes joy and friendliness.
"...his station wagon scampered like a brisk yellow bug to meet all trains."
Gatsby is friendly with people at his parties. He knows everyone well enough to take them to the train station well past midnight.
"...and now the orchestra is playing yellow cocktail music, and the opera of voices pitches a key higher."
The music is described as "yellow." In this context, it is meant to symbolize friendliness. The soft music in the background is meant to make you want to go up and talk to people.
"She held my hand impersonally, as a promise that she'd take care of me in a minute, and gave ear to two girls in twin yellow dresses, who stopped at the foot of the steps."
The first two women Nick and Jordan talk to are wearing yellow dresses. In this case, yellow represents  both joy and friendliness. These two women are happy to have been invited to Gatsby's party and they are the first to approach Nick and Jordan.